I’ve recently made a 256 bit AES ECB implementation in pure Lua for use in Roblox. I haven’t verified the output with another AES implementation (if implemented correctly, another library should be able to decrypt cyphertext from my implementation) but it seems to be working as expected.

Do you see any potential problems or possible optimizations?

The full source and usage is found on GitHub but I have included the main script here:

(the tabs were originally 4 spaces wide)

```
--[[
Copyright 2019 Tyler Richard Hoyer
Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at
http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.
]]
local GF8x2 = {
[0]=0x00,0x02,0x04,0x06,0x08,0x0a,0x0c,0x0e,0x10,0x12,0x14,0x16,0x18,0x1a,0x1c,0x1e,
0x20,0x22,0x24,0x26,0x28,0x2a,0x2c,0x2e,0x30,0x32,0x34,0x36,0x38,0x3a,0x3c,0x3e,
0x40,0x42,0x44,0x46,0x48,0x4a,0x4c,0x4e,0x50,0x52,0x54,0x56,0x58,0x5a,0x5c,0x5e,
0x60,0x62,0x64,0x66,0x68,0x6a,0x6c,0x6e,0x70,0x72,0x74,0x76,0x78,0x7a,0x7c,0x7e,
0x80,0x82,0x84,0x86,0x88,0x8a,0x8c,0x8e,0x90,0x92,0x94,0x96,0x98,0x9a,0x9c,0x9e,
0xa0,0xa2,0xa4,0xa6,0xa8,0xaa,0xac,0xae,0xb0,0xb2,0xb4,0xb6,0xb8,0xba,0xbc,0xbe,
0xc0,0xc2,0xc4,0xc6,0xc8,0xca,0xcc,0xce,0xd0,0xd2,0xd4,0xd6,0xd8,0xda,0xdc,0xde,
0xe0,0xe2,0xe4,0xe6,0xe8,0xea,0xec,0xee,0xf0,0xf2,0xf4,0xf6,0xf8,0xfa,0xfc,0xfe,
0x1b,0x19,0x1f,0x1d,0x13,0x11,0x17,0x15,0x0b,0x09,0x0f,0x0d,0x03,0x01,0x07,0x05,
0x3b,0x39,0x3f,0x3d,0x33,0x31,0x37,0x35,0x2b,0x29,0x2f,0x2d,0x23,0x21,0x27,0x25,
0x5b,0x59,0x5f,0x5d,0x53,0x51,0x57,0x55,0x4b,0x49,0x4f,0x4d,0x43,0x41,0x47,0x45,
0x7b,0x79,0x7f,0x7d,0x73,0x71,0x77,0x75,0x6b,0x69,0x6f,0x6d,0x63,0x61,0x67,0x65,
0x9b,0x99,0x9f,0x9d,0x93,0x91,0x97,0x95,0x8b,0x89,0x8f,0x8d,0x83,0x81,0x87,0x85,
0xbb,0xb9,0xbf,0xbd,0xb3,0xb1,0xb7,0xb5,0xab,0xa9,0xaf,0xad,0xa3,0xa1,0xa7,0xa5,
0xdb,0xd9,0xdf,0xdd,0xd3,0xd1,0xd7,0xd5,0xcb,0xc9,0xcf,0xcd,0xc3,0xc1,0xc7,0xc5,
0xfb,0xf9,0xff,0xfd,0xf3,0xf1,0xf7,0xf5,0xeb,0xe9,0xef,0xed,0xe3,0xe1,0xe7,0xe5
}
local GF8x3 = {
[0]=0x00,0x03,0x06,0x05,0x0c,0x0f,0x0a,0x09,0x18,0x1b,0x1e,0x1d,0x14,0x17,0x12,0x11,
0x30,0x33,0x36,0x35,0x3c,0x3f,0x3a,0x39,0x28,0x2b,0x2e,0x2d,0x24,0x27,0x22,0x21,
0x60,0x63,0x66,0x65,0x6c,0x6f,0x6a,0x69,0x78,0x7b,0x7e,0x7d,0x74,0x77,0x72,0x71,
0x50,0x53,0x56,0x55,0x5c,0x5f,0x5a,0x59,0x48,0x4b,0x4e,0x4d,0x44,0x47,0x42,0x41,
0xc0,0xc3,0xc6,0xc5,0xcc,0xcf,0xca,0xc9,0xd8,0xdb,0xde,0xdd,0xd4,0xd7,0xd2,0xd1,
0xf0,0xf3,0xf6,0xf5,0xfc,0xff,0xfa,0xf9,0xe8,0xeb,0xee,0xed,0xe4,0xe7,0xe2,0xe1,
0xa0,0xa3,0xa6,0xa5,0xac,0xaf,0xaa,0xa9,0xb8,0xbb,0xbe,0xbd,0xb4,0xb7,0xb2,0xb1,
0x90,0x93,0x96,0x95,0x9c,0x9f,0x9a,0x99,0x88,0x8b,0x8e,0x8d,0x84,0x87,0x82,0x81,
0x9b,0x98,0x9d,0x9e,0x97,0x94,0x91,0x92,0x83,0x80,0x85,0x86,0x8f,0x8c,0x89,0x8a,
0xab,0xa8,0xad,0xae,0xa7,0xa4,0xa1,0xa2,0xb3,0xb0,0xb5,0xb6,0xbf,0xbc,0xb9,0xba,
0xfb,0xf8,0xfd,0xfe,0xf7,0xf4,0xf1,0xf2,0xe3,0xe0,0xe5,0xe6,0xef,0xec,0xe9,0xea,
0xcb,0xc8,0xcd,0xce,0xc7,0xc4,0xc1,0xc2,0xd3,0xd0,0xd5,0xd6,0xdf,0xdc,0xd9,0xda,
0x5b,0x58,0x5d,0x5e,0x57,0x54,0x51,0x52,0x43,0x40,0x45,0x46,0x4f,0x4c,0x49,0x4a,
0x6b,0x68,0x6d,0x6e,0x67,0x64,0x61,0x62,0x73,0x70,0x75,0x76,0x7f,0x7c,0x79,0x7a,
0x3b,0x38,0x3d,0x3e,0x37,0x34,0x31,0x32,0x23,0x20,0x25,0x26,0x2f,0x2c,0x29,0x2a,
0x0b,0x08,0x0d,0x0e,0x07,0x04,0x01,0x02,0x13,0x10,0x15,0x16,0x1f,0x1c,0x19,0x1a
}
local GF8x9 = {
[0]=0x00,0x09,0x12,0x1b,0x24,0x2d,0x36,0x3f,0x48,0x41,0x5a,0x53,0x6c,0x65,0x7e,0x77,
0x90,0x99,0x82,0x8b,0xb4,0xbd,0xa6,0xaf,0xd8,0xd1,0xca,0xc3,0xfc,0xf5,0xee,0xe7,
0x3b,0x32,0x29,0x20,0x1f,0x16,0x0d,0x04,0x73,0x7a,0x61,0x68,0x57,0x5e,0x45,0x4c,
0xab,0xa2,0xb9,0xb0,0x8f,0x86,0x9d,0x94,0xe3,0xea,0xf1,0xf8,0xc7,0xce,0xd5,0xdc,
0x76,0x7f,0x64,0x6d,0x52,0x5b,0x40,0x49,0x3e,0x37,0x2c,0x25,0x1a,0x13,0x08,0x01,
0xe6,0xef,0xf4,0xfd,0xc2,0xcb,0xd0,0xd9,0xae,0xa7,0xbc,0xb5,0x8a,0x83,0x98,0x91,
0x4d,0x44,0x5f,0x56,0x69,0x60,0x7b,0x72,0x05,0x0c,0x17,0x1e,0x21,0x28,0x33,0x3a,
0xdd,0xd4,0xcf,0xc6,0xf9,0xf0,0xeb,0xe2,0x95,0x9c,0x87,0x8e,0xb1,0xb8,0xa3,0xaa,
0xec,0xe5,0xfe,0xf7,0xc8,0xc1,0xda,0xd3,0xa4,0xad,0xb6,0xbf,0x80,0x89,0x92,0x9b,
0x7c,0x75,0x6e,0x67,0x58,0x51,0x4a,0x43,0x34,0x3d,0x26,0x2f,0x10,0x19,0x02,0x0b,
0xd7,0xde,0xc5,0xcc,0xf3,0xfa,0xe1,0xe8,0x9f,0x96,0x8d,0x84,0xbb,0xb2,0xa9,0xa0,
0x47,0x4e,0x55,0x5c,0x63,0x6a,0x71,0x78,0x0f,0x06,0x1d,0x14,0x2b,0x22,0x39,0x30,
0x9a,0x93,0x88,0x81,0xbe,0xb7,0xac,0xa5,0xd2,0xdb,0xc0,0xc9,0xf6,0xff,0xe4,0xed,
0x0a,0x03,0x18,0x11,0x2e,0x27,0x3c,0x35,0x42,0x4b,0x50,0x59,0x66,0x6f,0x74,0x7d,
0xa1,0xa8,0xb3,0xba,0x85,0x8c,0x97,0x9e,0xe9,0xe0,0xfb,0xf2,0xcd,0xc4,0xdf,0xd6,
0x31,0x38,0x23,0x2a,0x15,0x1c,0x07,0x0e,0x79,0x70,0x6b,0x62,0x5d,0x54,0x4f,0x46
}
local GF8x11 = {
[0]=0x00,0x0b,0x16,0x1d,0x2c,0x27,0x3a,0x31,0x58,0x53,0x4e,0x45,0x74,0x7f,0x62,0x69,
0xb0,0xbb,0xa6,0xad,0x9c,0x97,0x8a,0x81,0xe8,0xe3,0xfe,0xf5,0xc4,0xcf,0xd2,0xd9,
0x7b,0x70,0x6d,0x66,0x57,0x5c,0x41,0x4a,0x23,0x28,0x35,0x3e,0x0f,0x04,0x19,0x12,
0xcb,0xc0,0xdd,0xd6,0xe7,0xec,0xf1,0xfa,0x93,0x98,0x85,0x8e,0xbf,0xb4,0xa9,0xa2,
0xf6,0xfd,0xe0,0xeb,0xda,0xd1,0xcc,0xc7,0xae,0xa5,0xb8,0xb3,0x82,0x89,0x94,0x9f,
0x46,0x4d,0x50,0x5b,0x6a,0x61,0x7c,0x77,0x1e,0x15,0x08,0x03,0x32,0x39,0x24,0x2f,
0x8d,0x86,0x9b,0x90,0xa1,0xaa,0xb7,0xbc,0xd5,0xde,0xc3,0xc8,0xf9,0xf2,0xef,0xe4,
0x3d,0x36,0x2b,0x20,0x11,0x1a,0x07,0x0c,0x65,0x6e,0x73,0x78,0x49,0x42,0x5f,0x54,
0xf7,0xfc,0xe1,0xea,0xdb,0xd0,0xcd,0xc6,0xaf,0xa4,0xb9,0xb2,0x83,0x88,0x95,0x9e,
0x47,0x4c,0x51,0x5a,0x6b,0x60,0x7d,0x76,0x1f,0x14,0x09,0x02,0x33,0x38,0x25,0x2e,
0x8c,0x87,0x9a,0x91,0xa0,0xab,0xb6,0xbd,0xd4,0xdf,0xc2,0xc9,0xf8,0xf3,0xee,0xe5,
0x3c,0x37,0x2a,0x21,0x10,0x1b,0x06,0x0d,0x64,0x6f,0x72,0x79,0x48,0x43,0x5e,0x55,
0x01,0x0a,0x17,0x1c,0x2d,0x26,0x3b,0x30,0x59,0x52,0x4f,0x44,0x75,0x7e,0x63,0x68,
0xb1,0xba,0xa7,0xac,0x9d,0x96,0x8b,0x80,0xe9,0xe2,0xff,0xf4,0xc5,0xce,0xd3,0xd8,
0x7a,0x71,0x6c,0x67,0x56,0x5d,0x40,0x4b,0x22,0x29,0x34,0x3f,0x0e,0x05,0x18,0x13,
0xca,0xc1,0xdc,0xd7,0xe6,0xed,0xf0,0xfb,0x92,0x99,0x84,0x8f,0xbe,0xb5,0xa8,0xa3
}
local GF8x13 = {
[0]=0x00,0x0d,0x1a,0x17,0x34,0x39,0x2e,0x23,0x68,0x65,0x72,0x7f,0x5c,0x51,0x46,0x4b,
0xd0,0xdd,0xca,0xc7,0xe4,0xe9,0xfe,0xf3,0xb8,0xb5,0xa2,0xaf,0x8c,0x81,0x96,0x9b,
0xbb,0xb6,0xa1,0xac,0x8f,0x82,0x95,0x98,0xd3,0xde,0xc9,0xc4,0xe7,0xea,0xfd,0xf0,
0x6b,0x66,0x71,0x7c,0x5f,0x52,0x45,0x48,0x03,0x0e,0x19,0x14,0x37,0x3a,0x2d,0x20,
0x6d,0x60,0x77,0x7a,0x59,0x54,0x43,0x4e,0x05,0x08,0x1f,0x12,0x31,0x3c,0x2b,0x26,
0xbd,0xb0,0xa7,0xaa,0x89,0x84,0x93,0x9e,0xd5,0xd8,0xcf,0xc2,0xe1,0xec,0xfb,0xf6,
0xd6,0xdb,0xcc,0xc1,0xe2,0xef,0xf8,0xf5,0xbe,0xb3,0xa4,0xa9,0x8a,0x87,0x90,0x9d,
0x06,0x0b,0x1c,0x11,0x32,0x3f,0x28,0x25,0x6e,0x63,0x74,0x79,0x5a,0x57,0x40,0x4d,
0xda,0xd7,0xc0,0xcd,0xee,0xe3,0xf4,0xf9,0xb2,0xbf,0xa8,0xa5,0x86,0x8b,0x9c,0x91,
0x0a,0x07,0x10,0x1d,0x3e,0x33,0x24,0x29,0x62,0x6f,0x78,0x75,0x56,0x5b,0x4c,0x41,
0x61,0x6c,0x7b,0x76,0x55,0x58,0x4f,0x42,0x09,0x04,0x13,0x1e,0x3d,0x30,0x27,0x2a,
0xb1,0xbc,0xab,0xa6,0x85,0x88,0x9f,0x92,0xd9,0xd4,0xc3,0xce,0xed,0xe0,0xf7,0xfa,
0xb7,0xba,0xad,0xa0,0x83,0x8e,0x99,0x94,0xdf,0xd2,0xc5,0xc8,0xeb,0xe6,0xf1,0xfc,
0x67,0x6a,0x7d,0x70,0x53,0x5e,0x49,0x44,0x0f,0x02,0x15,0x18,0x3b,0x36,0x21,0x2c,
0x0c,0x01,0x16,0x1b,0x38,0x35,0x22,0x2f,0x64,0x69,0x7e,0x73,0x50,0x5d,0x4a,0x47,
0xdc,0xd1,0xc6,0xcb,0xe8,0xe5,0xf2,0xff,0xb4,0xb9,0xae,0xa3,0x80,0x8d,0x9a,0x97
}
local GF8x14 = {
[0]=0x00,0x0e,0x1c,0x12,0x38,0x36,0x24,0x2a,0x70,0x7e,0x6c,0x62,0x48,0x46,0x54,0x5a,
0xe0,0xee,0xfc,0xf2,0xd8,0xd6,0xc4,0xca,0x90,0x9e,0x8c,0x82,0xa8,0xa6,0xb4,0xba,
0xdb,0xd5,0xc7,0xc9,0xe3,0xed,0xff,0xf1,0xab,0xa5,0xb7,0xb9,0x93,0x9d,0x8f,0x81,
0x3b,0x35,0x27,0x29,0x03,0x0d,0x1f,0x11,0x4b,0x45,0x57,0x59,0x73,0x7d,0x6f,0x61,
0xad,0xa3,0xb1,0xbf,0x95,0x9b,0x89,0x87,0xdd,0xd3,0xc1,0xcf,0xe5,0xeb,0xf9,0xf7,
0x4d,0x43,0x51,0x5f,0x75,0x7b,0x69,0x67,0x3d,0x33,0x21,0x2f,0x05,0x0b,0x19,0x17,
0x76,0x78,0x6a,0x64,0x4e,0x40,0x52,0x5c,0x06,0x08,0x1a,0x14,0x3e,0x30,0x22,0x2c,
0x96,0x98,0x8a,0x84,0xae,0xa0,0xb2,0xbc,0xe6,0xe8,0xfa,0xf4,0xde,0xd0,0xc2,0xcc,
0x41,0x4f,0x5d,0x53,0x79,0x77,0x65,0x6b,0x31,0x3f,0x2d,0x23,0x09,0x07,0x15,0x1b,
0xa1,0xaf,0xbd,0xb3,0x99,0x97,0x85,0x8b,0xd1,0xdf,0xcd,0xc3,0xe9,0xe7,0xf5,0xfb,
0x9a,0x94,0x86,0x88,0xa2,0xac,0xbe,0xb0,0xea,0xe4,0xf6,0xf8,0xd2,0xdc,0xce,0xc0,
0x7a,0x74,0x66,0x68,0x42,0x4c,0x5e,0x50,0x0a,0x04,0x16,0x18,0x32,0x3c,0x2e,0x20,
0xec,0xe2,0xf0,0xfe,0xd4,0xda,0xc8,0xc6,0x9c,0x92,0x80,0x8e,0xa4,0xaa,0xb8,0xb6,
0x0c,0x02,0x10,0x1e,0x34,0x3a,0x28,0x26,0x7c,0x72,0x60,0x6e,0x44,0x4a,0x58,0x56,
0x37,0x39,0x2b,0x25,0x0f,0x01,0x13,0x1d,0x47,0x49,0x5b,0x55,0x7f,0x71,0x63,0x6d,
0xd7,0xd9,0xcb,0xc5,0xef,0xe1,0xf3,0xfd,0xa7,0xa9,0xbb,0xb5,0x9f,0x91,0x83,0x8d
}
local s = {
[0]=0x63,0x7C,0x77,0x7B,0xF2,0x6B,0x6F,0xC5,0x30,0x01,0x67,0x2B,0xFE,0xD7,0xAB,0x76,
0xCA,0x82,0xC9,0x7D,0xFA,0x59,0x47,0xF0,0xAD,0xD4,0xA2,0xAF,0x9C,0xA4,0x72,0xC0,
0xB7,0xFD,0x93,0x26,0x36,0x3F,0xF7,0xCC,0x34,0xA5,0xE5,0xF1,0x71,0xD8,0x31,0x15,
0x04,0xC7,0x23,0xC3,0x18,0x96,0x05,0x9A,0x07,0x12,0x80,0xE2,0xEB,0x27,0xB2,0x75,
0x09,0x83,0x2C,0x1A,0x1B,0x6E,0x5A,0xA0,0x52,0x3B,0xD6,0xB3,0x29,0xE3,0x2F,0x84,
0x53,0xD1,0x00,0xED,0x20,0xFC,0xB1,0x5B,0x6A,0xCB,0xBE,0x39,0x4A,0x4C,0x58,0xCF,
0xD0,0xEF,0xAA,0xFB,0x43,0x4D,0x33,0x85,0x45,0xF9,0x02,0x7F,0x50,0x3C,0x9F,0xA8,
0x51,0xA3,0x40,0x8F,0x92,0x9D,0x38,0xF5,0xBC,0xB6,0xDA,0x21,0x10,0xFF,0xF3,0xD2,
0xCD,0x0C,0x13,0xEC,0x5F,0x97,0x44,0x17,0xC4,0xA7,0x7E,0x3D,0x64,0x5D,0x19,0x73,
0x60,0x81,0x4F,0xDC,0x22,0x2A,0x90,0x88,0x46,0xEE,0xB8,0x14,0xDE,0x5E,0x0B,0xDB,
0xE0,0x32,0x3A,0x0A,0x49,0x06,0x24,0x5C,0xC2,0xD3,0xAC,0x62,0x91,0x95,0xE4,0x79,
0xE7,0xC8,0x37,0x6D,0x8D,0xD5,0x4E,0xA9,0x6C,0x56,0xF4,0xEA,0x65,0x7A,0xAE,0x08,
0xBA,0x78,0x25,0x2E,0x1C,0xA6,0xB4,0xC6,0xE8,0xDD,0x74,0x1F,0x4B,0xBD,0x8B,0x8A,
0x70,0x3E,0xB5,0x66,0x48,0x03,0xF6,0x0E,0x61,0x35,0x57,0xB9,0x86,0xC1,0x1D,0x9E,
0xE1,0xF8,0x98,0x11,0x69,0xD9,0x8E,0x94,0x9B,0x1E,0x87,0xE9,0xCE,0x55,0x28,0xDF,
0x8C,0xA1,0x89,0x0D,0xBF,0xE6,0x42,0x68,0x41,0x99,0x2D,0x0F,0xB0,0x54,0xBB,0x16
}
local si = {
[0]=0x52,0x09,0x6A,0xD5,0x30,0x36,0xA5,0x38,0xBF,0x40,0xA3,0x9E,0x81,0xF3,0xD7,0xFB,
0x7C,0xE3,0x39,0x82,0x9B,0x2F,0xFF,0x87,0x34,0x8E,0x43,0x44,0xC4,0xDE,0xE9,0xCB,
0x54,0x7B,0x94,0x32,0xA6,0xC2,0x23,0x3D,0xEE,0x4C,0x95,0x0B,0x42,0xFA,0xC3,0x4E,
0x08,0x2E,0xA1,0x66,0x28,0xD9,0x24,0xB2,0x76,0x5B,0xA2,0x49,0x6D,0x8B,0xD1,0x25,
0x72,0xF8,0xF6,0x64,0x86,0x68,0x98,0x16,0xD4,0xA4,0x5C,0xCC,0x5D,0x65,0xB6,0x92,
0x6C,0x70,0x48,0x50,0xFD,0xED,0xB9,0xDA,0x5E,0x15,0x46,0x57,0xA7,0x8D,0x9D,0x84,
0x90,0xD8,0xAB,0x00,0x8C,0xBC,0xD3,0x0A,0xF7,0xE4,0x58,0x05,0xB8,0xB3,0x45,0x06,
0xD0,0x2C,0x1E,0x8F,0xCA,0x3F,0x0F,0x02,0xC1,0xAF,0xBD,0x03,0x01,0x13,0x8A,0x6B,
0x3A,0x91,0x11,0x41,0x4F,0x67,0xDC,0xEA,0x97,0xF2,0xCF,0xCE,0xF0,0xB4,0xE6,0x73,
0x96,0xAC,0x74,0x22,0xE7,0xAD,0x35,0x85,0xE2,0xF9,0x37,0xE8,0x1C,0x75,0xDF,0x6E,
0x47,0xF1,0x1A,0x71,0x1D,0x29,0xC5,0x89,0x6F,0xB7,0x62,0x0E,0xAA,0x18,0xBE,0x1B,
0xFC,0x56,0x3E,0x4B,0xC6,0xD2,0x79,0x20,0x9A,0xDB,0xC0,0xFE,0x78,0xCD,0x5A,0xF4,
0x1F,0xDD,0xA8,0x33,0x88,0x07,0xC7,0x31,0xB1,0x12,0x10,0x59,0x27,0x80,0xEC,0x5F,
0x60,0x51,0x7F,0xA9,0x19,0xB5,0x4A,0x0D,0x2D,0xE5,0x7A,0x9F,0x93,0xC9,0x9C,0xEF,
0xA0,0xE0,0x3B,0x4D,0xAE,0x2A,0xF5,0xB0,0xC8,0xEB,0xBB,0x3C,0x83,0x53,0x99,0x61,
0x17,0x2B,0x04,0x7E,0xBA,0x77,0xD6,0x26,0xE1,0x69,0x14,0x63,0x55,0x21,0x0C,0x7D
}
local rcon = {
0x8d,0x01,0x02,0x04,0x08,0x10,0x20,0x40,0x80,0x1b,0x36,0x6c,0xd8,0xab,0x4d,0x9a,
0x2f,0x5e,0xbc,0x63,0xc6,0x97,0x35,0x6a,0xd4,0xb3,0x7d,0xfa,0xef,0xc5,0x91,0x39,
0x72,0xe4,0xd3,0xbd,0x61,0xc2,0x9f,0x25,0x4a,0x94,0x33,0x66,0xcc,0x83,0x1d,0x3a,
0x74,0xe8,0xcb,0x8d,0x01,0x02,0x04,0x08,0x10,0x20,0x40,0x80,0x1b,0x36,0x6c,0xd8,
0xab,0x4d,0x9a,0x2f,0x5e,0xbc,0x63,0xc6,0x97,0x35,0x6a,0xd4,0xb3,0x7d,0xfa,0xef,
0xc5,0x91,0x39,0x72,0xe4,0xd3,0xbd,0x61,0xc2,0x9f,0x25,0x4a,0x94,0x33,0x66,0xcc,
0x83,0x1d,0x3a,0x74,0xe8,0xcb,0x8d,0x01,0x02,0x04,0x08,0x10,0x20,0x40,0x80,0x1b,
0x36,0x6c,0xd8,0xab,0x4d,0x9a,0x2f,0x5e,0xbc,0x63,0xc6,0x97,0x35,0x6a,0xd4,0xb3,
0x7d,0xfa,0xef,0xc5,0x91,0x39,0x72,0xe4,0xd3,0xbd,0x61,0xc2,0x9f,0x25,0x4a,0x94,
0x33,0x66,0xcc,0x83,0x1d,0x3a,0x74,0xe8,0xcb,0x8d,0x01,0x02,0x04,0x08,0x10,0x20,
0x40,0x80,0x1b,0x36,0x6c,0xd8,0xab,0x4d,0x9a,0x2f,0x5e,0xbc,0x63,0xc6,0x97,0x35,
0x6a,0xd4,0xb3,0x7d,0xfa,0xef,0xc5,0x91,0x39,0x72,0xe4,0xd3,0xbd,0x61,0xc2,0x9f,
0x25,0x4a,0x94,0x33,0x66,0xcc,0x83,0x1d,0x3a,0x74,0xe8,0xcb,0x8d,0x01,0x02,0x04,
0x08,0x10,0x20,0x40,0x80,0x1b,0x36,0x6c,0xd8,0xab,0x4d,0x9a,0x2f,0x5e,0xbc,0x63,
0xc6,0x97,0x35,0x6a,0xd4,0xb3,0x7d,0xfa,0xef,0xc5,0x91,0x39,0x72,0xe4,0xd3,0xbd,
0x61,0xc2,0x9f,0x25,0x4a,0x94,0x33,0x66,0xcc,0x83,0x1d,0x3a,0x74,0xe8,0xcb,0x8d
}
local xor4 = {
[0]=0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,
1,0,3,2,5,4,7,6,9,8,11,10,13,12,15,14,
2,3,0,1,6,7,4,5,10,11,8,9,14,15,12,13,
3,2,1,0,7,6,5,4,11,10,9,8,15,14,13,12,
4,5,6,7,0,1,2,3,12,13,14,15,8,9,10,11,
5,4,7,6,1,0,3,2,13,12,15,14,9,8,11,10,
6,7,4,5,2,3,0,1,14,15,12,13,10,11,8,9,
7,6,5,4,3,2,1,0,15,14,13,12,11,10,9,8,
8,9,10,11,12,13,14,15,0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,
9,8,11,10,13,12,15,14,1,0,3,2,5,4,7,6,
10,11,8,9,14,15,12,13,2,3,0,1,6,7,4,5,
11,10,9,8,15,14,13,12,3,2,1,0,7,6,5,4,
12,13,14,15,8,9,10,11,4,5,6,7,0,1,2,3,
13,12,15,14,9,8,11,10,5,4,7,6,1,0,3,2,
14,15,12,13,10,11,8,9,6,7,4,5,2,3,0,1,
15,14,13,12,11,10,9,8,7,6,5,4,3,2,1,0,
}
local function xor8(a, b)
local al = a % 16
local bl = b % 16
return 16 * xor4[a - al + (b - bl) / 16] + xor4[16 * al + bl]
end
local function addRoundKey(state, key)
for i, byte in next, state do
state[i] = xor8(byte, key[i])
end
end
local function subBytes(state, s_box)
for i, byte in next, state do
state[i] = s_box[byte]
end
end
local function shiftRows(state)
state[5], state[6], state[7], state[8] =
state[6], state[7], state[8], state[5]
state[9], state[10], state[11], state[12] =
state[11], state[12], state[9], state[10]
state[13], state[14], state[15], state[16] =
state[16], state[13], state[14], state[15]
end
local function inv_shiftRows(state)
state[6], state[7], state[8], state[5] =
state[5], state[6], state[7], state[8]
state[11], state[12], state[9], state[10] =
state[9], state[10], state[11], state[12]
state[16], state[13], state[14], state[15] =
state[13], state[14], state[15], state[16]
end
local function mixColumns(state)
for cur = 1, 4 do
local a, b, c, d = state[cur], state[cur + 4], state[cur + 8], state[cur + 12]
state[cur + 0] = xor8(xor8(xor8(GF8x2[a], GF8x3[b]), c), d)
state[cur + 4] = xor8(xor8(xor8(a, GF8x2[b]), GF8x3[c]), d)
state[cur + 8] = xor8(xor8(xor8(a, b), GF8x2[c]), GF8x3[d])
state[cur + 12] = xor8(xor8(xor8(GF8x3[a], b), c), GF8x2[d])
end
end
local function inv_mixColumns(state)
for cur = 1, 4 do
local a, b, c, d = state[cur], state[cur + 4], state[cur + 8], state[cur + 12]
state[cur + 0] = xor8(xor8(xor8(GF8x14[a], GF8x11[b]), GF8x13[c]), GF8x9[d])
state[cur + 4] = xor8(xor8(xor8(GF8x9[a], GF8x14[b]), GF8x11[c]), GF8x13[d])
state[cur + 8] = xor8(xor8(xor8(GF8x13[a], GF8x9[b]), GF8x14[c]), GF8x11[d])
state[cur + 12] = xor8(xor8(xor8(GF8x11[a], GF8x13[b]), GF8x9[c]), GF8x14[d])
end
end
-- 256-bit key constants
local n = 32 -- number of bytes in the 256-bit encryption key
local b = 240 -- number of bytes in 15 128-bit round keys
local function schedule256(key)
local expanded = {}
for c = 0, n do
local byte = key % 256
expanded[c] = byte
key = (key - byte) / 256
end
local i = 1
local c = n
local t1 = expanded[1]
local t2 = expanded[2]
local t3 = expanded[3]
local t4 = expanded[4]
while c < b do
t1, t2, t3, t4 = xor8(rcon[i], s[t2]), s[t3], s[t4], s[t1]
i = i + 1
for _ = 1, 4 do
c = c + 1
t1 = xor8(t1, expanded[c - n])
expanded[c] = t1
c = c + 1
t2 = xor8(t2, expanded[c - n])
expanded[c] = t2
c = c + 1
t3 = xor8(t3, expanded[c - n])
expanded[c] = t3
c = c + 1
t4 = xor8(t4, expanded[c - n])
expanded[c] = t4
end
t1 = s[t1]
t2 = s[t2]
t3 = s[t3]
t4 = s[t4]
for _ = 1, 4 do
c = c + 1
t1 = xor8(t1, expanded[c - n])
expanded[c] = t1
c = c + 1
t2 = xor8(t2, expanded[c - n])
expanded[c] = t2
c = c + 1
t3 = xor8(t3, expanded[c - n])
expanded[c] = t3
c = c + 1
t4 = xor8(t4, expanded[c - n])
expanded[c] = t4
end
end
local roundKeys = {}
for round = 0, 14 do
local roundKey = {}
for byte = 1, 16 do
roundKey[byte] = expanded[round * 16 + byte]
end
roundKeys[round] = roundKey
end
return roundKeys
end
local function chunks(text, i)
local first = i * 16 + 1
if first > #text then
return
end
i = i + 1
local chunk = {text:byte(first, first + 15)}
for j = #chunk + 1, 16 do
chunk[j] = 0
end
return i, chunk
end
local function encrypt(state, roundKeys)
addRoundKey(state, roundKeys[0])
for round = 1, 13 do
subBytes(state, s)
shiftRows(state)
mixColumns(state)
addRoundKey(state, roundKeys[round])
end
subBytes(state, s)
shiftRows(state)
addRoundKey(state, roundKeys[14])
end
local function decrypt(state, roundKeys)
addRoundKey(state, roundKeys[14])
inv_shiftRows(state)
subBytes(state, si)
for round = 13, 1, -1 do
addRoundKey(state, roundKeys[round])
inv_mixColumns(state)
inv_shiftRows(state)
subBytes(state, si)
end
addRoundKey(state, roundKeys[0])
end
local function ECB_256(method, key, originaltext)
local text = {}
local roundKeys = schedule256(key)
for chunk, state in chunks, originaltext, 0 do
method(state, roundKeys)
text[chunk] = string.char(unpack(state))
end
return table.concat(text)
end
return {
encrypt = encrypt;
decrypt = decrypt;
ECB_256 = ECB_256;
}
```